blackspot – An area with a high concentration of coastal/ocean incidents and a high probability/risk of ongoing reoccurrence.

coastal death – Where the location of the death is on the coast, in the ocean up to 3 nautical miles (NM) offshore or inland up to five times the width of the inlet/river. A fatality arising from various circumstances (e.g. boating, fall, shark attack, rock fishing, drowning, medical, diving).

coastal drowning death – Where the location of the drowning is on the coast, in the ocean up to 2NM offshore or inland up to five times the width of the inlet/river

drowning – The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquid; outcomes are classified as death, morbidity, and no morbidity (WHO, 2005).

first aid – Assessments and interventions that can be performed by a bystander (or by the victim) with minimal or no medical equipment.

lifeguard – An individual that undertakes patrols at a beach or another aquatic environment. This is typically salaried member, qualified in public safety and aquatic rescue.

lifesaving service – A service which exists to provide aquatic safety services to the public.

patrolled location – A location supervised constantly or periodically by a lifesaving service.

preventative action – Direct action taken to reduce or eliminate the probability of a specific rescue, first aid or other reportable incident from happening in the future. Note: A preventative action will be recorded as the singular activity taken (i.e. clearing the water for lightning will be one action. The number of people warned/alerted as a result of this action will be recorded separately as a warning).

rescue – Retrieving a person in distress, delivering them to a place of safety and the application of first aid and basic life support as may be required.

resuscitation – Preservation or restoration of life by establishing and maintaining a person’s airway, breathing and circulation.

rip current – A narrow seaward flowing current of water moving through a surf zone (Short, 2003).

rock fishing death – A fatality arising from various circumstances occurring (e.g. wave motion, loss of footing) where the victim was participating in fishing activities on a rocky coast immediately prior to or during the incident.

service gap – An area identified as having an inadequate level of resources to meet public safety demands.

support operations – Rapid response rescue units, not affiliated to any one Surf Life Saving club.

surfcom – SLS radio communications centre which assists in managing the communications of lifesaving operations and data collection.

total service plan – An assessment of current and future lifesaving resources, national blackspots, hotspots and trends.

Common Acronyms

ACNC – Australian Charities and Not-For-Profit Commission

ACPSG – SLSA Australian Coastal Public Safety Guidelines

AEMVF – Australian Emergency Management Volunteer Forum

ALS – Australian Lifeguard Service

ARC – Australian Resuscitation Council

ASC – Australian Sports Commission

CPR – Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation

EMA – Emergency Management Australia

EMG – Executive Management Group

FACC – Finance, Audit & Compliance Committee

HRS – Helicopter Rescue Service

ILS – International Life Saving Federation

IRB – Inflatable Rescue Boat

JRB – Jet Rescue Boat

LSC – Lifesaving Standing Committee (now Lifesaving Member Advisory Committee)

NHP – National High Performance Program

ORB – Offshore Rescue Boat

PM&C – Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

RIB – Rigid Inflatable Boat

RTO – Registered Training Organisation

RWC – Rescue Water Craft

SLS – Surf Life Saving

SLSA – Surf Life Saving Australia

SLSF – Surf Life Saving Foundation

Glossary of Terms

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