blackspot – An area with a high concentration of coastal/ocean incidents and a high probability/risk of ongoing reoccurrence.
coastal death – Where the location of the death is on the coast, in the ocean up to 3 nautical miles (NM) offshore or inland up to five times the width of the inlet/river. A fatality arising from various circumstances (e.g. boating, fall, shark attack, rock fishing, drowning, medical, diving).
coastal drowning death – Where the location of the drowning is on the coast, in the ocean up to 2NM offshore or inland up to five times the width of the inlet/river
drowning – The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquid; outcomes are classified as death, morbidity, and no morbidity (WHO, 2005).
first aid – Assessments and interventions that can be performed by a bystander (or by the victim) with minimal or no medical equipment.
lifeguard – An individual that undertakes patrols at a beach or another aquatic environment. This is typically salaried member, qualified in public safety and aquatic rescue.
lifesaving service – A service which exists to provide aquatic safety services to the public.
patrolled location – A location supervised constantly or periodically by a lifesaving service.
preventative action – Direct action taken to reduce or eliminate the probability of a specific rescue, first aid or other reportable incident from happening in the future. Note: A preventative action will be recorded as the singular activity taken (i.e. clearing the water for lightning will be one action. The number of people warned/alerted as a result of this action will be recorded separately as a warning).
rescue – Retrieving a person in distress, delivering them to a place of safety and the application of first aid and basic life support as may be required.
resuscitation – Preservation or restoration of life by establishing and maintaining a person’s airway, breathing and circulation.
rip current – A narrow seaward flowing current of water moving through a surf zone (Short, 2003).
rock fishing death – A fatality arising from various circumstances occurring (e.g. wave motion, loss of footing) where the victim was participating in fishing activities on a rocky coast immediately prior to or during the incident.
service gap – An area identified as having an inadequate level of resources to meet public safety demands.
support operations – Rapid response rescue units, not affiliated to any one Surf Life Saving club.
surfcom – SLS radio communications centre which assists in managing the communications of lifesaving operations and data collection.
total service plan – An assessment of current and future lifesaving resources, national blackspots, hotspots and trends.
ACNC – Australian Charities and Not-For-Profit Commission
ACPSG – SLSA Australian Coastal Public Safety Guidelines
AEMVF – Australian Emergency Management Volunteer Forum
ALS – Australian Lifeguard Service
ARC – Australian Resuscitation Council
ASC – Australian Sports Commission
CPR – Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation
EMA – Emergency Management Australia
EMG – Executive Management Group
FACC – Finance, Audit & Compliance Committee
HRS – Helicopter Rescue Service
ILS – International Life Saving Federation
IRB – Inflatable Rescue Boat
JRB – Jet Rescue Boat
LSC – Lifesaving Standing Committee (now Lifesaving Member Advisory Committee)
NHP – National High Performance Program
ORB – Offshore Rescue Boat
PM&C – Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
RIB – Rigid Inflatable Boat
RTO – Registered Training Organisation
RWC – Rescue Water Craft
SLS – Surf Life Saving
SLSA – Surf Life Saving Australia
SLSF – Surf Life Saving Foundation